Primary children face new developmental challenges. A specially prepared learning environment is just as important now as it was before during the pre primary years, for children to achieve their full potential. A well -established primary environment gives children the opportunity to continue to progress at their own pace. At the primary level, learning continues to be hands on experience moving into abstract concepts. The goal is to lead the child away from a dependency on concrete models towards the ability to solve problems on paper. Similar hands on materials help students understand grammar, sentence analysis and so on.
In this course the student teacher will not only learn the presentations of the various advanced concepts, but will also learn how to help the child progress from concrete to abstract learning.
Duration – 6 months
- Module 1: Exercises of Practical Life
- Module 2: Math (Geometry)
- Module 3: Language
- Module 4: Cultural (The Great Lessons, Meditation and science Experiments)
Primary children are ready to take on a much higher level of challenge and responsibility. The Exercises of Practical Life continue to encourage the development of the child’s self esteem and independence. The lessons in the practical life skills found in the primary environments are diverse. We call these as advanced practical life exercises. They aid in continuing the development of fine motor skills and help children learn new creative skills.
Using a Hammer
Taking off from where we stopped in the pre- primary curriculum, the math activities in the primary curriculum introduce the child to more complex concepts like addition of fractions, peg board, decimals, ratio and so on. In the primary arithmetic and geometry are inter related. Geometry will be studied using the geometry stick material.
Hierarchy of numbers
Student teachers are presented with a variety of supplementary activities to reinforce reading skills. Using the concrete material the teacher learns to present the basic parts of speech. Included in the study of language, is the structure analysis of a sentence. The primary language program places great stress on the development of strong skills in creative writing. Spelling, poetry, book reports and literary elements are also introduced. This will enhance their reading and writing skills.
One of Montessori’s key objectives is to develop a global perspective and hence the study of history and world celebrations forms the corner stone of the curriculum. Major topics in this area are exercises in the field of History, Geography, Botany, Zoology and a brief introduction into Chemistry is also given. Physical geography in the primary deals with the study of the formation of the earth, emergence of the oceans and atmosphere and the evolution of life.
The Great lessons include the stories of how the world came to be, the development of life on earth and inter related studies in the form of inspiring stories. The 5 great lessons are given to children in order for them to get a cosmic perspective of the earth and mans place within the cosmos.
The Primary child studies the concepts learnt in Pre-primary in more detail. For example they will learn what angles are and the types of angles etc. This is done using the Geometric stick material.
Geometry Stick Material
The Primary child conducts science experiments and notes down the hypothesis, observation and conclusion.
States of matter
The primary child is shown simple meditation techniques like following the breath and following the sound of the bell. The student teacher will learn how to guide a meditation for children. This brings calm and peace that will help in their development as individuals.
Observation of primary children within the Montessori environment is an essential aspect of teacher training. It is only through the acquisition of excellent observation skills that the guide is able to properly assess each child and truly be “the dynamic link” between the child and the environment, knowing when to “kindle the flame of interest” and when to step back and allow the child to interact with the environment on his own.